Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery

Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery

Minimally invasive heart surgery is a method of performing heart surgery using a different access and a smaller incision than traditional surgery. When it is performed, the surgeon uses special instruments.

What kind of patients is suitable for minimally invasive heart surgery?

There are many ways during surgery to open up access to the heart through the chest. At our clinic, we always choose the smallest possible incision for a safe and successful operation. Our surgical team works by comparing the advantages and disadvantages of minimally invasive techniques to traditional surgical methods.

The minimally invasive surgeon chooses the most appropriate surgical technique based on: type and severity of heart disease, patient age, life history, lifestyle, and preoperative test results.

Traditional heart surgery

Traditional heart surgery uses a sternal incision in the middle of the chest. The incision is about 15-20 cm long.

This is the most commonly used incision during major heart surgeries, repeat surgeries, multi vessel coronary artery bypass surgeries, and complex aortic surgeries.

Types of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

Our team has been performing minimally invasive heart surgeries since 2012. The first such surgeries were mitral and aortic valve surgeries. Now we perform a wider range of procedures using minimally invasive techniques to ensure a quicker and easier recovery for patients.

Minimally invasive surgery methods also include "partial sternotomy". This method involves making an incision in a specific part of the sternum.

In most cases, the surgeon can avoid making an incision in the sternum and perform heart surgery by making a small incision in the intercostal area. This method is called a mini-thoracotomy.

Types of incisions used in minimally invasive heart surgery

Partial sternotomy is making an incision on a specific part of the sternum

In this case, the surgeon makes a 7-8 cm sternal incision in an area where he or she can see the part of the heart being operated on.

This technique can be used during surgery for mitral and tricuspid valve injuries, atrial septal defect (ASD), myxoma (benign heart tumor), and aortic valve surgery.

This technique is used during surgeries for aortic valve damage, mitral valve, tricuspid valve, double valve pathology, ASD, myxoma and fibroelastoma (benign heart tumor).


During surgery, the surgeon does not cut into the sternum, but instead makes a small incision in the muscle between the ribs.

Used during surgeries for mitral valve damage, tricuspid valve, ASD, myxoma.

Used during surgeries for aortic valve damage.

Used for aortic coronary bypass surgery (MIDCAB, multi vessel bypass).

Advantages of minimally invasive surgery

For the patient:

  • Notes less pain
  • More satisfactory cosmetic result
  • After surgery, he stays in the hospital for a short time
  • After surgery, he does not need to lie on his back for 1 month
  • There is a low risk of infection
  • Less exposure to blood loss and hemotransfusion (blood transfusion)
  • Active exercise and work begins earlier, i.e., returns to daily life in 1-2 weeks rather than 2 months
  • The recovery period

If you had minimally invasive surgery, you may be discharged 2-4 days after surgery. During your stay in the hospital, you will be closely monitored by the medical staff and thus you will go through the recovery period as quickly as possible. When you are ready to be discharged from the hospital, you will receive instructions on future activities, incision care, and diet.

Generally, it will take you about 1-2 weeks to return to work, drive, and feel well enough to do light work. It is important to know that everyone's recovery time is different. You can be sure that our professional medical staff will give you instructions according to your speed of recovery.